Crucial P1 NVMe QLC SSD

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  • Acceptable QLC performance
  • Affordable
  • Low endurance ratings

As of early 2019, the Crucial P1 is one of few SSDs that uses QLC, or quad-level cell, NAND Flash memory. This makes it an entry-level alternative among other drives using the PCI Express/NVMe interface/protocol. Performance and endurance ratings are lower than average in the segment, but in general, the P1 will still be faster than SATA SSDs.

Memory Type, Controller and Cache

Quad-level cell NAND has to work with four bits per cell, which negatively affects durability and performance compared to triple-level cell (TLC) and multi-level cell (MLC). There are however also advantages to an increased memory cell density, most notably more efficient manufacturing and in turn, lower prices.

The Crucial P1 does not use a proprietary controller. Instead, Micron has opted for an SM2263 from Silicon Motion. This is a 4-channel controller intended for entry-level NVMe SSDs. Contrary to the naming, the SM2263 will be slower than the 8-channel SM2262 controller which is used in several higher-end SSDs.

To compensate for the QLC memory chips’ lower performance, particularly in the write area, the Crucial P1 uses a single-level cell or SLC-type cache to maintain a write performance that exceeds SATA-level speeds. When the SLC cache is exhausted, performance will drop well below most mainstream 2.5″ SATA SSDs.

The amount of NAND used in SLC mode is allocated dynamically. All capacities of the Crucial P1 also include a DRAM DDR3 (512GB and 1TB capacities) or DDR4 (2TB capacity) cache buffer.


As with all other SSDs, the Crucial P1’s performance increases with the drive’s capacity up to a certain point, meaning that the 2TB capacity is faster than the 1TB, which in turn is faster than the 512GB model.

Crucial P1 SSD Specifications500 GB1 TB2 TB
Form FactorM.2 2280 (single-sided)M.2 2280 (single-sided)M.2 2280 (double-sided)
InterfaceNVMe 1.3 PCIe 3.0 x4NVMe 1.3 PCIe 3.0 x4NVMe 1.3 PCIe 3.0 x4
ControllerSilicon Motion SM2263Silicon Motion SM2263Silicon Motion SM2263
NAND FlashMicron 64-layer 3D QLC NANDMicron 64-layer 3D QLC NANDMicron 64-layer 3D QLC NAND
Sequential Read1900 MB/s2000 MB/s2000 MB/s
Sequential Write950 MB/s1700 MB/s1750 MB/s
Random Read90K IOPS170K IOPS250K IOPS
Random Write220K IOPS240K IOPS250K IOPS
SLC Write Cache (dynamic)5GB-50GB12GB-100GB24GB-200GB
Endurance rating (terabytes written)100 TB 200 TB400 TB

Due to the comparatively low-end nature of QLC memory, no such SSD is among the segment’s top performers.

Power Consumption (Laptop Battery Life)

According to the official numbers, the Crucial P1’s maximum power draw is 8W (controller: 9W). While idle, and on average, it should be much less. TweakTown has performed a practical battery life test with P1 and found it to be slightly better than the popular Samsung 970 EVO, but not as efficient as the Intel 760p.

Warranty and Endurance Rating

Micron offers an industry-standard 5-year warranty with the Crucial P1. However, due to the QLC memory chips, endurance ratings are comparatively (very) low at:

  • 512 GB: 100 TBW
  • 1 TB: 200 TBW
  • 2 TB: 400 TBW

Measured as drive writes per day (DWPD), these numbers equal about 0.1 DWPD for the warranty duration.



For performance, the drive did well when considering the target audience and comparing it to another QLC product in the same segment.


The 500GB Crucial P1 isn’t the perfect SSD for all users, but it’s not too far off from being a very good drive for many.

Specification: Crucial P1 NVMe QLC SSD

EAN List

5706998879547, 0649528787347, 2724706053907

Item Dimensions

Height: 86, Length: 314, Weight: 4, Width: 8

Package Dimensions

Height: 60, Length: 510, Weight: 4, Width: 380


Crucial P1 500GB 3D NAND NVMe PCIe M.2 SSD – CT500P1SSD8

UPC List

UPC List Element: 649528787347


5-year limited warranty

Crucial P1 NVMe QLC SSD
Crucial P1 NVMe QLC SSD